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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm


Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) involve abnormal dilation of the aorta in the abdomen, potentially leading to life-threatening rupture. Often asymptomatic, AAAs are typically detected incidentally through imaging studies. Early diagnosis and intervention are vital to prevent rupture and associated complications.


Abdominal aortic aneurysms commonly present without symptoms until complications arise. Symptoms may include abdominal or back pain, pulsatile abdominal mass, or signs of shock in case of rupture. Immediate medical attention is crucial upon experiencing these symptoms to prevent catastrophic events.


Treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms aims to prevent rupture and its complications. Options include open surgical repair, endovascular stent grafting, or watchful waiting with regular monitoring. The chosen approach depends on aneurysm size, location, and patient health, ensuring optimal outcomes with minimal risk.

Studies Performed

Studies performed to diagnose abdominal aortic aneurysms include abdominal ultrasound, which assesses the size and structure of the aorta. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) provide detailed images of the abdominal aorta, aiding in diagnosis and treatment planning. These imaging techniques help identify aneurysms and assess their size and severity.


Preventing abdominal aortic aneurysms involves managing risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, and atherosclerosis through lifestyle modifications and medication. A heart-healthy diet, regular exercise, and avoiding smoking are crucial. Routine medical check-ups to monitor arterial health and imaging studies for early detection are essential for timely intervention.